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El ICP invita a la charla "Composing Peace. Mission Composition in UN Peacekeeping"

El viernes 11 de octubre, se realizará la Charla "Composing Peace. Mission Composition in UN Peacekeeping", que contará con la participación del Chiara Ruffa, Uppsala University y Swedish Defense University. La actividad se enmarca dentro del Proyecto Fondecyt de Iniciación (2017), No. 11170387, que dirige la profesora Nicole Jenne.

La exposición será comentada por Gonzalo Álvarez Fuentes, académico de la Universidad Arturo Prat.



Viernes 11 de octubre, 2019
10:30 horas
Sala de Consejo ICP
2º piso
Facultad de Historia, Geografía y Ciencia Política

La actividad cuenta con el apoyo del Proyecto Fondecyt de Iniciación (2017), No. 11170387.



I will present a forthcoming book on mission composition in UN peacekeeping (co-authored with Vincenzo Bove and Andrea Ruggeri). The book explores how diversity in United Nations’ peace mission composition affects peacekeeping effectiveness. It identifies four key dimensions of composition: Blue Helmets’ field diversity, top mission leadership diversity (between Force Commander and Special Representative of the Secretary General), vertical leadership distance (Leadership-Blue Helmets) and horizontal distance with the local population. Each dimension of diversity of mission is measured as linguistic, geographical and religious distance. Our book evaluates each dimension separately through three pathway case studies - the UN missions in Lebanon, in Mali and in the Central African Republic - and quantitative analyses based on a global dataset of peacekeeping operations deployed since the end of the Cold War. The book finds that diversity of Blue Helmets and diversity of top leadership may increase the mission’s capacity to reduce battle-field violence and civilian victimization. At the same time, the effects of diversity are contextual and contingent. In fact, looking at the relation between peacekeepers and Force Commanders, proximity between them is generally associated with better performances. Furthermore, homogeneity between local populations and peacekeepers, or low distance between them, is also related to low levels of hostility and casualties. This book crucially demonstrates why diversity of mission composition is a key variable to consider when trying to enhance peacekeeping effectiveness.


Chiara Ruffa is Academy Fellow at the Department of Peace and Conflict Research at Uppsala University and associate professor in War Studies at the Swedish Defense University. Chiara’s research interests lie at the cross-road between political science, sociology and peace and conflict research with a specific focus on ideational variables, such as cultures, norms and frames, civil-military relations, soldiers in peacekeeping missions. Her work has been published or is forthcoming in the European Journal of International Relations, Security Studies, Acta Sociologica, International Peacekeeping, Armed Forces and Society, Security and Defence Analysis, Small Wars and Insurgencies, Comparative European Politics, and several edited volumes. She is the author of Military Cultures in Peace and Stability Operations, published with the University of Pennsylvania Press in 2018 and of Composing Peace. Mission Composition in UN Peacekeeping with Vincenzo Bove and Andrea Ruggeri, forthcoming with Oxford University Press. She is an editorial board member of Armed Forces and Society.